Day 1 and 2: Accountability
1. Introduction: Setting the frame
- The participants are informed about the key messages of the previous DDLGN learning project on citizen participation and social accountability
- The participants know about the latest international debate and trends related to the accountability topic – broadening the scope from social accountability to a more systemic perspective.
- What are key definitions and concepts of accountability and how is this linked to the broader accountability agenda? For example: social, political, corporate accountability; or key pillars of accountability such as: transparency/information – answerability – responsiveness – enforceability; and: link to human rights based approach
- What are major trends in supporting accountability initiatives and in addressing these issues in a more systemic perspective?
- What are particular considerations/experiences in specific contexts, particularly situations of fragility and conflict (FCS) as well as countries with advanced capacities?
- What is the debate about gender equality and inclusion aspects? What experience is available?
Expected results: Conceptual frame and actual international debate with regard to accountability is clear, and lays out the ground for informed discussion among peers on concrete implementation experience.
2. Peer exchange on accountability implementation experience
SDC is contributing to strengthen accountability relations among involved actors through a variety of activities, aiming at i) empowering citizens and amplifying their voice, ii) strengthening accountability relations between citizens and state institutions, iii) as well as between different state institutions, and iv) promoting key pillars of accountability, such as right to information, transparency, answerability, responsiveness, redress and sanctioning (enforcement). SDC works with a variety of involved actors namely citizens, civil society organizations, media, local authorities, and increasingly also with parliaments, and possibly more.
FIRST: The participants learn how OSA approaches accountability from a systemic perspective. Lead questions:
- How: What are main approaches, intervention strategies to strengthen key pillars of accountability (transparency/information, answerability, responsiveness, enforceability), that we are supporting with our programs; for example while supporting processes of public resource management / public service provision; or while supporting processes of decentralization etc.? What type of accountability responsibilities of the different involved actors do we support during such processes? (Those who have to render accounts and those claiming for accountability)?
- With whom: What are key actors and their accountability roles we want to strengthen, with whom do we engage and how do we foster alliances between different actors?
- Why: What do we want to change with our interventions?
- Inclusion: How do we promote inclusive approaches: working with overlooked actors, gender dimension and disadvantaged groups
- Context: What are important contextual factors that constrain our interventions? (E.g. Power structures, patronage/clientelistic relations, political culture, and existing social fabric, historical legacies). How do we address/overcome such challenges?
SECOND: Based on this, selected peers (panel) discuss about: Similarities and/or differences in other countries or regions and about other contextual challenges
Expected results: a) Different approaches and implementation challenges as well as success factors are shared. – b) Critical contextual factors and political economy considerations are spelled out. – c) Gender specific considerations are pointed out as well as mechanisms for strengthening inclusion of vulnerable groups.
3. Deepening discussions among peers, experts
Learning objective: Participants understand
- What are the conclusions for my work? What is working in practice?
- What does that mean for the role of SDC: How can SDC position itself as a donor in a process which carries the potential of being conflictual?
- Remaining burning questions …
4. Parliamentary assistance
SDC works with parliaments both on national and on sub-national levels. However, the area is still considered relatively new and there are no consolidated approaches to legislative assistance itself, as well as to embedding it into a wider governance and accountability context. The session will consist of both information presented to the participants and of peer exchange and discussions.
The main questions are:
- What is parliamentary support and how does it relate to the key functions of parliaments: legislative, representation and oversight?
- What are recent concepts and trends related to parliamentary support discussed on international level?
- How is parliamentary support done by other donors, and how by SDC?
- What can we draw from this and take SDC’s approaches further?
Participants become aware of and reflect upon the following issues:
- Why do we support parliaments? How does this relate to a larger accountability and governance agenda?
- What are main mechanisms of parliamentary support in relation to the functions of parliaments (legislative, representation, oversight), but also to issue-based support (i.e. post-2015 agenda, crisis prevention/recovery, anti-corruption, climate change, etc.);
- Who are the main targeted actors of parliamentary support? How can gender and inclusion issues be addressed in this context?
- What can be done to complement parliamentary support (e.g. electoral support, working with political parties, civil society support)?
- How can cooperation with other donors be best achieved?
- What are contextual specificities to be taken into account?
Expected Results: a) Participants are aware of various options for interventions in parliamentary support. – b) Participants are aware of the systemic nature and the interconnectedness of such interventions (connection and synergies to decentralization or, to civil society support programmes, etc.). – c) The peer exchange will lead to the identification of further learning needs and to recommendations for the further work of the network on this issue.